About Tanzania
TanzaniaThe United Republic of Tanzania, made up of Tanzania Mainland and Zanzibar, is located between Longitudes 29o and 41o East, and Latitudes 1o and 12o South. It covers a total area of 947,300 square kilometres, of which, 61,500 square kilometres or approximately 6.4 percent is inland water. Tanzania shares borders with eight countries: Kenya and Uganda to the North; Rwanda, Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, and Zambia to the West; and Malawi and Mozambique to the South. Zanzibar, comprising of Unguja and Pemba Islands, with an area of 2,500 square kilometres, is situated in the Indian Ocean, East of the Mainland. Projected population in year 2009 is 41.9 million.


The population of Tanzania Mainland as observed from post- independence censuses has been increasing, but the land Area of Tanzania has remained constant at
the size of 883,749 sq km. This means the population density as defined above has also been increasing at various rates both Urban and Rural areas. Rapid increases of population densities have been observed in Urban areas due to Rural to Urban migration.

High population densities in other countries have always caused disputes. In Tanzania, signs of land disputes have started to be reported in both rural and urban areas due to rural – urban migration of people for better life and this is a common feature in unplanned human settlements.

In Rural Areas reported cases of conflicts between farmers and cattle owners are on the increase due to decreasing natural resources.






Total Area of Tanzania

939,701 km2 of which 58,100 km2 is water representing a part of Lakes Victoria, Tanganyika Nyasa and several other smaller lakes.



About 41.9 million people (projected from 2002 Population Census)



East Coast of Africa between Latitudes 10S and 110S and between Longitudes 290E and 410E.


Share border with

Kenya and Uganda to the North, Rwanda, Burundi and Democratic Republic of Congo to the West and

Basic Facts and Figures, 2009 on Human Settlements in Tanzania Mainland




Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique to the South.


Arable Land

15.1 million hectors


Average Cultivated Land per Year

5.1 million hectors



750 – 1400 mm per year


Largest City

Dar es Salaam with an estimated population of 3 million.


Other major urban centres with their estimated population

Mwanza (280,000), Dodoma (260,000) and Arusha (190,000).


Average population density of the country

35 inhabitants per square kilometres (inh/km2) as of 2002 Population and Housing Census


Extremes of average population density of the country

Dar es Salaam 2,167 inh/km2 to 12 inh/km2 in Lindi region.


Gross Domestic Product (GDP

TShs. 237,079 millions (2005)


Real GDP Growth Rate(at 2001 Constant prices)

7.4 % (2008) Annual Growth Rate


Transport (at 2001 Constant prices)

6.9% (2008) Annual Growth Rate


Communication (at 2001 Constant prices)

20.5% (2008) Annual Growth Rate


Construction (at 2001 Constant prices)

10.5% (2008) Annual Growth Rate


Mining and Quarrying (at 2001 Constant prices)

2.5% (2008) Annual Growth Rate


Road Network

28,891.72 Km (2008)


Railway Network

3,577 Km


Number of Aerodromes

There are more than 200 airports in Tanzania including airstrips serving domestic and international traffic.

Basic Facts and Figures, 2009 on Human Settlements in Tanzania Mainland




The government manages about 63 of them.


Maritime Transport

Three major seaports namely Dar es Salaam, Mtwara and Tanga ports. Smaller seaport facilities at Kilwa, Lindi, Mafia, Pangani and Bagamoyo. Also 4 major inland waterways ports at Mwan

By Lappet Faced Safaris

Lappet Faced Safaris is a tour operator company specializing in quality tours in Tanzania. Our services include Tanzania Safaris, Mountain Trekking and Holidays/Beach. We build in extraordinary, enriching experiences curated just for you and then we put the best private guides at your service. The result is an experience that is more personal, more rewarding and frankly more fun. We create the experience that changes the life. Lappet Faced Safaris and its experienced guides will show you all that you might imagining when you were thinking of going on a safari. The diversity of wildlife, trekking challenges and Tanzanian coast, dotted with historic and romantic islands like Zanzibar, Pemba and Mafia, are ready to seduce all of your senses and to make your holiday memorable.